Socialization is part of the follow-up to the results of EMS / AHPND supervision conducted by DJPB and BKIPM in 2018
Mei 15, 2019 19:04 WIB
MAKASSAR, JITUNEWS.COM - The socialization of prevention of early death syndrome (EMS), which is considered to be similar to acute Hepatopancreatic Necrosis (AHPND) disease, has been intensified by the Ministry of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries. Throughout April to May 2019, the Ministry of Maritime Affairs & Fisheries together with aquaculture stakeholders such as the Indonesian Shrimp Club (SCI), Indonesian Feedmills Association (GPMT), processing companies and others conducted a roadshow on prevention of this disease in Aceh, North Sumatra, Banten, West Java, East Java, Bali, South Sulawesi, Southeast Sulawesi, West Sulawesi, North Kalimantan and West Nusa Tenggara. In addition, the KKP also formed and intensified the role of the task force team to prevent AHPND from government members, business people, academics and experts.
Director General of Aquaculture, Slamet Soebjakto explained that the outreach was part of the follow-up of EMS / AHPND surveillance results conducted by DJPB and BKIPM in 2018 and 12 points of mutual agreement between business actors and the government during a meeting on 20 February 2019 in Surabaya about prevention efforts EMS / AHPND.
While the selection of the location of the socialization itself according to Slamet, is based on the consideration that these areas are traditionally the main shrimp production centers in Indonesia.
"We need to disseminate these 12 agreements to all farmers and other stakeholders. However, even more important is how we implement the results of this outreach to all farms and their respective centers. We must share a strong commitment to prevent this disease. Each stakeholder must know his role in accordance with the 12 points of the agreement, "said Slamet in his remarks at the National Socialization: Prevention of EMS / AHPND in Shrimp Cultivation in South Sulawesi Province, Tuesday (05/14).
"The Ministry of Maritime Affairs & Fisheries continues to conduct surveillance or supervision of good fish farming methods, use of mains, and monitor residues. Therefore, as a follow-up to this socialization DJPB will field fish farmer supervisors to monitor aquaculture activities in the community" he continued.
As we know, EMS / AHPND is a serious disease that can cause a variety of physical and financial losses in the shrimp farming industry that has occurred in several countries and has the potential to threaten shrimp production.
This disease is caused by the infection of Vibrio parahaemolyticus (Vp AHPND) which is capable of producing toxins. In general, vulnerable AHPND attacks tiger shrimp (Penaeus monodon) and vaname shrimp (Penaeus vannamei) with mortality reaching 100% at postlarvae stage (PL) aged 30-35 days and shrimp aged <40 days after stocking in ponds.
First discovered in the People's Republic of China in 2009 as the Covert Mortality Disease. In 2011, AHPND was reported to have attacked Vietnam and Malaysia, followed by Thailand (2012), Mexico (2013) and the Philippines (2015). At present India is also reportedly suspected of being attacked by AHPND, but there is no notification from the Indian government;
FAO noted that in the past 3 (three) years shrimp production in Thailand experienced a drastic decline in production from 609,552 tons in 2013 to 273,000 tons in 2016 due to AHPND attacks. While the impact of economic losses experienced by Vietnam during the period 2013 - 2015 was US $ 216.23 million or an average of US $ 72 million per year.
"Indonesia is still free from EMS / AHPND, but if we look at the background of the emergence of this disease, all potential risks in the national shrimp farming industry must be seriously anticipated. "Indonesia is aware of the entry of transboundary disease that could threaten the national debt industry in this case the AHPND outbreak from the country is infected," he said.
"This is certainly the focus of our attention so that Indonesia does not experience the same fate. Therefore, there should be no AHPND events in Indonesia, if there are only symptoms, we must act immediately. Prevention is better than treatment, "Slamet continued firmly.
The experience of the destruction of tiger shrimp cultivation in the late 90s according to Slamet must be a valuable lesson for Indonesia to prevent similar incidents in vanname shrimp. The Minister of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries (Susi Pudjiastuti) explained at the outset that he had warned about this, because it could cause all upstream downstream businesses connected to commodity shrimp to go out of business.
"Why is this important, because shrimp is the prime export commodity from Indonesia. Although the volume is smaller than tuna but the export value is greater. So that shrimp contributes significantly to fisheries GDP growth, "he explained.
Slamet explained that the indications of this disease could be found both in the hatchery, such as in post-larvae larvae, shrimp and brood water, natural food (artemia and squid) and feces. Whereas in ponds, can be found in shrimp, crabs, pond water and sediment (mud).
"Therefore, from upstream to downstream, it must be absolutely safe. In the 90s we knew the five businesses, namely five efforts that must be carried out by farmers such as land preparation, fries, infrastructure (equipment and feed), business management, and control of diseases and the environment. We need to revive this fairly good concept, "said Slamet.
"It is very unimaginable if we are late in responding to this incident. The achievements of shrimp production that we always strive to keep increasing from year to year, at once our shrimp industry will be destroyed as happened in Thailand and Vietnam. The impact that will be caused is not only felt by farmers, but also by other industries such as processing, feeding, and decreasing foreign exchange from the fisheries sector, "Slamet reminded.
There are 6 (six) steps or efforts that have been made by the government in preventing this disease, namely: first, Increasing awareness (public awareness) of the symptoms and how to handle EMS / AHPND through socialization, increasing the capacity of laboratory testing and increasing supervision of traffic parent, prospective parent, fries, and natural food (polychaeta and artemia) especially from the plague country. Secondly, inviting the distribution of 80 - 100 intensive fries per m2.
Furthermore, third, re-prepare like basic principles or five business principles (back to basic). Fourth, the prohibition on using pond mother for HSRT or Naupli Center. Fifth, the development of cluster-shaped aquaculture areas is integrated and integrated in one management unit, both environment, technology, production and marketing inputs. Sixth, efforts to maintain the sustainability of aquaculture business through setting location permits and environmental permits (AMDAL / UKL-UPL), providing separate inlet / outlet channels.
"I will issue a circular in the form of a ban on the use of mother-parent obtained from the farm. We will replace the results of breeding programs from the government-owned broodstock center. This is a real effort to prevent this disease. In the initial stages of this circulation, it was an appeal, but in the end we will oblige it, "explained Slamet.
Besides that, Slamet added, other efforts have also been made, "In 2019 the residual monitoring and certification budget is increased, we also encourage each cultivation business area to have an AMDAL. Then in 2020 we will optimize the role of the posikandu, "he continued.
"I hope that through this meeting able to produce appropriate and efficient steps in the prevention and handling of AHPND, so that all stakeholders will immediately improve in an effort to ward off AHPND disease. All this is to prevent this disease from happening in Indonesia, "said Slamet, ending his remarks.
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